Common Name: Mother Shield-fern
Grimwade sheet number: 99
Original identification: Polystichum aculeatum variety proliferum
Distribution (from Flora of Victoria): Vic. All regions except MMAL, LMAL, WIM, RIV Also - NSW, Tas (including King Island) with doubtful reports from Qld, SA, NT; naturalized in the north island of New Zealand.
Occurs in a wide range of habitats, from moist shaded areas of near sea-level, sheltered gullies and tall mountain forests, to exposed basalt outcrops in the higher alps where locally common.